AML Cancer Symptoms, Causes and Treatment- Acute myeloid leukemia (AML) is a Type of leukemia called acute myelogenesis leukemia, acute myeloblastic leukemia, acute myelocytic leukemia, acute granulocytic leukemia and acute non-ammoxicotic leukemia. Leukemia is cancer of the blood and bone marrow. Bone marrow is the soft, internal part of the bones where blood cells are produced.
What Is Acute Myeloid Leukemia (AML)?
Symptoms that lead to the diagnosis of AML, have a relatively short period of time, often from day to week.
AML begins in the cells formed of the blood of the bone marrow. These blood-forming cells are called myeloid stem cells. Myeloid stem cells are commonly developed:
- White blood cell that fight infection and disease
- Red blood cells, which take oxygen
- Platelets that prevent bleeding due to blood clotting.
In most cases of AML Blood Cancer, stem cells develop in immature white blood cells (myloblasts). Immature myloblastes reproduce without healthy, mature white blood cells. Since leukemia cells multiply in bone marrow and blood, they crowd healthy blood cells. This can cause continuous infections, anemia, and easy injuries and bleeding.
Occasionally, many myeloid stem cells develop in abnormal red blood cells or platelets. Leukemia can include bone marrow and tissue outside the blood, which include lymph nodes, brain, skin and other parts of the body.
AML Cancer can occur at any age but risk increases with older age, men and women are equally affected by the age of 50. But compared to older men, there is a possibility of developing AML compared to women for obviously unclear factors.
AML Cancer Signs & Symptoms
Among the potential signs and symptoms of AML are:
- Unexplained and persistent fever
- Marked fatigue and weakness
- Unexpected weight loss with poor appetite
- Easy hurt or bleeding
- Severe infection
Leukemia cells that spread to the brain and spinal cord-
- Severe and persistent headache
- Problem with balance
AML Blood Cancer is not a common disease, so most often the above symptoms are due to some other medical conditions too.
AML Cancer Causes
Generally the Causes of Acute Myeloid Leukemia(AML) Blood Cancer are available in medical science, there may be other changes in those cells which have not yet been fully understood which can contribute to leukemia.
Some abnormalities cause the cell to grow more rapidly and survive when normal cells die. Over time, these abnormal cells can freeze healthy blood cells in the bone marrow, thereby producing less healthy white blood cells, red blood cells, and platelets, thereby causing signs and symptoms of leukemia.
AML Cancer Treatment
When you are considering a treatment option, it is important to ask your doctor about the expected benefits and risks of a particular treatment. Usually there are two stages of AML treatment the first step is to put Leukemia in exemption. The second step is to stop a resurgence.
In the first treatment phase, doctors kill as many leukemia cells as possible in blood and bone marrow. When this stage succeeds, it is considered in the disease exemption. Standard Treatment for AML includes chemotherapy to prevent the growth of cancer cells. Chemotherapy for AML is usually given in combination chemotherapy. This means that more than one anticancer drug is used.
Chemotherapy can be taken from the mouth or injected into the vein or muscles. It enters the bloodstream and travels throughout the body. This can be done to Cure AML, which can spread or spread in the central nervous system.
In the second treatment for Acute Myeloid Leukemia, steps are taken to kill any remaining leukemia cells, which can lead to a resurgence. The second stage of treatment may include:
- Combination chemotherapy
- Chemotherapy with radiation therapy or without a stem cell transplantation or bone marrow transplantation
Recent treatment for AML is a stem cell transplant. Stem cell transplantation replaces any person’s blood-forming cells Stem cell transplantation can be used by stem cells from their bodies or donors. Donor stem cell transplant may be necessary if the patient’s own stem cells are abnormal or destroyed by the Treatment of Blood cancer.
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