Childhood leukemia Symptoms, Causes, Types, Treatment & Survival Rates– The most common type of cancer in children’s leukemia, children and adolescents is the cancer of white blood cells. Bone marrow contains abnormal white blood cells, they quickly travel through blood and congestion to healthy cells. This increases the possibility of body infection and other problems.
Childhood leukemia: Overview
Doctors do not know the Causes of childhood leukemia in most cases but some factors can increase the chances of getting it, keep in mind, however, the risk factor does not mean that a child will get Leukemia. In fact, most children with leukemia have no known risk factors.
Also Read : What is Leukemia ?
Childhood leukemia: Symptoms
- Breathing and bleeding: The child with leukemia may bleed more than expected after a minor injury or nose. The child may be hurt easily, there may be small red spots on his skin, or patches, which are caused by small blood vessels. The ability of blood clotting depends on healthy blood platelets In a child with leukemia, a blood test will reveal an abnormally low platelet count.
- Stomach ache and poor appetite- The child with leukemia can complain of an abdominal pain because it is because leukemia cells can accumulate in the spleen, liver, and kidneys, which they may need to increase. In some cases, a doctor may be able to feel the limbs of the stomach, the child’s appetite may also be reduced or unable to eat normal food. Weight is less common.
- Respiratory distress- Leukemic cells can revolve around the thymus, which is a gland on the basis of the neck, it can cause disenuna, or difficulty in breathing. The problem of breathing may be due to the chest swelling lymph nodes which push the air pipe. The child with leukemia can cough or cough. Painful breathing is a medical emergency.
- Regularly bacterial infections
- Weight Loosing
- Vomiting, gum problem
- Bone and joint pain
Childhood leukemia: Causes
The most of Causes of Childhood Leukemia cancer are not known. Nearly 5 percent of all cancers in children are due to a successor mutation (a genetic mutation that can be passed from parents to their children).
Most cancers in children, like adults, are thought to develop as a result of mutations in the gene which causes uncontrolled cell growth and ultimately cancer. In adults, these gene mutations show the cumulative effect of long-term contact of substances due to old age and cancer.
However, it is difficult to identify the possible environmental Causes of childhood cancer, partially because the cancer in children is rare and partly because it is difficult to determine how children could be exposed to their development early. More information about Possible causes of cancer in children is available in the fact sheet, cancer and cancer in children and adolescents.
Childhood leukemia: Diagnosis
Childhood Cancer which is also called Leukemia. Childhood Leukemia Diagnosed in May ways, few diagnosis procedures are given below-
- Blood Test: By Complete Blood Cell Count(CBC) which Size Measurement, number, and maturity of different blood cells in blood.
- Bone marrow aspiration and biopsy
- Lumbar puncture (spinal tap)
Childhood leukemia: Types
- Acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL)
- Acute myelogenous leukemia (AML)
- Hybrid or mixed lineage leukemia
- Chronic myelogenous leukemia (CML)
- Chronic lymphocytic leukemia (CLL)
- Juvenile myelomonocytic leukemia (JMML)
Childhood Leukemia: Treatment
Childhood cancer is not always like adult cancer. Pediatric Oncology is a medical specialty focused on caring for children with cancer. It is important to know that this specialization exists and that there are effective treatments for many childhood cancers.
There are many types of cancer treatment. The type of treatment the child receives with cancer depends on the type of cancer and how it progresses. General remedies include: Surgery, chemotherapy, radiation therapy, immunotherapy, and stem cell transplantation.
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Childhood leukemia: Survival Rates
Avoiding any type of cancer After months of Childhood Leukemia treatment, health problems may develop for months or even years, known as late effects, but late effects for childhood cancer survivors are of special concern This is because the treatment of children can have a profound, lasting physical and emotional impact. Liquid effects vary with the type of cancer, age of the child, type of treatment, and other factors
Information about the types of day effects and ways to manage them can be found on our Care for Child Cancer. Number of American children who die of cancer, 20 percent has fallen, and leukemia is no longer the top killer, it is revealed by a new federal government report. The decline continues a trend, experts said that it started in the 1970s.
Also Read : What is the leukemia blood cancer survival rate?
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